October 1, 1998
MEMORANDUM TO: OPINION LEADERS
FROM: GARY SCHMITT
Secretary of State
Madeleine Albright, Secretary of Defense William Cohen and National Security
Advisor Sandy Berger are scheduled to meet today with Senators to discuss
the crisis in Kosovo.
First, the U.S. and
its NATO allies should take immediate military action to drive Serb forces
from Kosovo. The goal should not be limited to putting a stop to the Serb
offensive. If Serb forces are left in place, hundreds of thousands of
Kosovars will be displaced from their homes; they will face a winter of
untold hardship and starvation; neighboring states will be further destabilized
by the massive influx of refugees from Kosovo; and Serbian leader Slobodan
Milosevic will still be in a position to finish the ethnic cleansing of
Kosovo at a time of his own choosing.
military operations should also seek to destroy Serbias military
machine -- thus, destroying Serbias ability to repeat its aggression
against Kosovo or to threaten its neighbors, Macedonia and Montenegro.
Third, U.S. policy
should seek to remove Slobodan Milosevic from power. In order to force
him from power, sanctions should be tightened on Serbia and increased
funding should be provided to the democratic opposition within Serbia.
Above all, the administration should cease treating the Serb dictator
as part of the solution to the crisis in Kosovo, instead of its cause.
As the recent open letter to president (co-sponsored by the Project) warned,
there can be no peace and stability in the Balkans so long as Slobodan
Milosevic remains in power.*
The Clinton Administration has repeatedly warned Milosevic and Serbia that it would not stand by and watch Serb authorities do in Kosovo what they sponsored in Bosnia. But that is precisely what the administration has done. Talking tough but taking no action is the worst of all worlds. Now is the time for the U.S. and NATO to act.
* Letter to the President, Sept. 11, 1998. Reprinted in the New York Times, Sept. 20, 1998 (Week in Review, p.15).